People

Alexis Alabastro, M.A. Alexis examines resistance to social influence and persuasion, and holds a strong interest in research methodology and statistical analysis. Her current research includes a study on persuasive sarcasm, minority influence, and the black sheep effect. She also collaborates with other research assistants to investigate components involved in adolescents’ resistance to persuasive anti-drug campaigns and is responsible for designing and executing research using the National Survey of Parents and Youth (NSPY).

Alabastro, A. B., Rast, D. E. III, Lac, A., Hogg, M. A., & Crano. W. D. (2012). Intergroup bias and perceived similarity: The effects of successes and failures on support for in- and outgroup political leaders. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations.

Alabastro, A., Beleva, Y., & Crano, W. D. (2012, January) Why Sarcasm Works: Comparing Sarcastic versus Direct Anti-Drug Messages. Poster presentation at the annual meeting at the Society for Personality and Social Psychology (SPSP), San Diego, CA.

Lisha, N. E., Alabastro, A. B., Johnson, I. M. (2009, May). Marijuana Use and Adolescent Athletes: The Mediating Effects of Perceived Group Norms. Poster presentation at the annual meeting at the Association for Psychological Science (APS), San Francisco, CA.

 

Yuliyana Beleva, M.A. Yuliyana’s research focuses on persuasion and attitude change in health-related settings, as well as using the power of mass media to promote healthy behaviors. She is interested in applying theoretical frameworks from psychology to increase the effectiveness of health communications and develop social marketing campaigns. Currently, she studies at-risk adolescents’ motivation to accept or reject persuasive messages related to obesity and drug abuse.

Beleva, Y. D., Hohman, Z., & Crano, W. D. (under review). The effect of invisible narrators in PSAs targeting adolescent marijuana use. Health Communications Journal.

Beleva, Y. D., & Siegel, J. T.  (in preparation). Persuasion in a heightened drive state:  the effect of perceived knowledge on the processing of relevant information.

Alabastro, A. B., & Beleva, Y. D., & Crano, W. D. (2012). Why Sarcasm Works: Comparing sarcastic versus direst anti-drug messages. A poster presentation at the Society for Personality and Social Psychology (SPSP) annual conference, January 2012, San Diego, CA.

Miller, S., Beleva, Y. D., Garner, L. Zaver, A., & Mayer, L. (2012). Ego depletion inventory: developing a scale of current ego depletion. A poster presentation at the Society for Personality and Social Psychology (SPSP) annual conference, January 2012, San Diego, CA.

Beleva, Y. D., & Siegel, J. T. (2012). The purpose of harming oneself: Goal Disruption Theory. Symposium presentation at the Western Psychological Association annual conference, April, 2012, San Francisco, CA.

Beleva, Y. D., Crano, W. D. & Hohman, Z. (2012). The effect of invisible narrators in PSAs targeting adolescent marijuana use. Symposium presentation at the Western Psychological Association annual conference, April, 2012, San Francisco, CA.

Beleva, Y. D. (2012). The effect of invisible narrators in PSAs targeting adolescent marijuana use. International Communications Association 2012 conference, “Communication and Community”, Phoenix, AR.

Massie, K., Beleva, Y., Pike, J., Cen, S., Reynolds, K. (under review) A Multi-level school-based recruitment approach in an adolescent obesity prevention study. Preventing Chronic Disease Journal.

Grenard, J. L., Stacy, A. W., Shiffman, S., Baraldi, A. N., MacKinnon, D. P., Lockhart, G., Kisbu-Sakarya, Y., Boyle, S., Beleva, Y., Koprowski, C., Ames, S. L., Reynolds, K. D. (under review). Sweetened drink and snacking cues in adolescents: a study using ecological momentary assessment. Appetite.

 

Blazek, DanielleDanielle Blazek: Danielle is a second-year doctoral student in the basic and applied social psychology program.  She is interested in organ donation.  More specifically, she is interested methods to increase rates of organ donor registration.  Her current research is focused on distinguishing between discrete positive emotions and their effects on donor registration outcomes.

 

Candice D. Donaldson, M.A. Candice is a Ph.D. student in the applied social psychology program, specializing in health behavior. She is interested in topics such as motivation, attitude change, persuasion, health behavior change, and adolescent deviance, psychosocial development, and substance use. She is currently studying the predictors of prescription opioid and stimulant misuse among adolescent populations. She is also working as the Project Manager on a grant funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse that is focused on understanding and overcoming adolescent resistance to anti-marijuana ads by tailoring persuasive appeals based on characteristics of the message receiver.

Donaldson, C. D. & Crano, W. D. (July, 2014). Understanding adolescent prescription opioid and stimulant misuse. Poster presented at the 2012 European Association of Social Psychology Conference in Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Donaldson, C. D. & Handren, L. M. (in preparation). A cross-cultural approach to understanding attitudes toward lesbians and gay men across 29 European countries.

Donaldson, C. D., Nakawaki, B., & Crano, W. D. (under review). Variations in parental monitoring and predictions of adolescent prescription opioid and stimulant misuse.

Donaldson, C. D., Siegel, J. T., & Crano, W. D. (in preparation). Appling vested interest theory to understand college student prescription stimulant expectancies, attitudes, and intentions.

Lac, A. & Donaldson, C. D. (in preparation). Construct validity of the 5/4 binge drinking definition: Classifying nondrinkers, moderate drinkers, and binge drinkers.

 

Sara Hollar: Sara is a Ph.D student in Social Psychology. She’s currently studying the effects of goal disruption, as well as messages that may increase help seeking among people with depression.

 

 

Lori Garner, M.A. Lori’s research focuses primarily on risk perception and applying social psychological principles in the development of risk-moderating messages. Specifically, she studies risk perceptions regarding and subsequent decision making about health and prosocial behaviors such as organ donation registration. She also studies the role of social context on risk perceptions and behavioral responses to threat.

Miller, S., Beleva, Y., & Garner, L. (2011). Ego depletion inventory: developing a scale of current ego depletion. Society for Personality and Social Psychology (SPSP) annual conference, January 2012, San Diego, CA.

 

061c124-1Ian Johnson, M.A. is studying attitude-behavior consistency and ways to increase (pro-health) attitude-behavior consistency through persuasive messages. Ian is also interested in preventing and curbing adolescent drug use via media campaigns, reactance, motivations for nonmedical prescription drug use, and differences in perceived norms surrounding prescription and illicit drugs.

Johnson, I., Siegel, J. T., & Crano, W. D. (2014). Expanding the reach of vested interest in predicting attitude-consistent behavior. Social Influence. 1, 20-36. doi:10.1080/15534510.2012.738243

Alvaro, E.A., Crano, W.D., Siegel, J.T, Hohman, Z., Johnson, I. & Nakawaki, B. (2013). Adolescents’ attitudes toward antimarijuana ads, usage intentions, and actual marijuana usage. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors.

Johnson, I., Siegel, J. T., & Crano, W. D. (2012, July). Indirect Vested Interest: Interpersonal Closeness as a Moderator of Attitude-Behavior Consistency. Conference of the International Association for Relationship Research: Chicago, IL.

Johnson, I., Seifert, B., Siegel, J. T., & Crano, W. D. (2010, June). Vicarious Vested Interest: Expanding Vested Interest Theory. Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues, 2010 Biennial Conference: New Orleans, LA.

Lisha, N. E., Alabastro, A., & Johnson, I. (2009, May). Marijuana use and adolescent athletes: The mediating effects of perceived group. Poster presented at the Association for Psychological Science, 2009 Conference: San Francisco, CA.

 

Amanda Keeler, M.A. Amanda is interested in applying social psychological theories to health promotion. Her current research focuses on encouraging depressed Hispanic populations to seek help from their loved ones by addressing common barriers such as stigma, efficacy, and behavioral capabilities. In addition, she is interested in HIV education and prevention for at risk populations.

Keeler, A. R., Siegel, J. T., & Alvaro, E. (under review). Depression, familism, and help seeking perceptions of Hispanics: Meditational elucidation with implications for intervention. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health.

Nydegger, L. A., Keeler, A. R., Siegel, J. T., Hood, C., & Stacy, A. (under review). Addressing HIV misconceptions & condom implementation intentions among drug users. AIDS Care.

Siegel, J. T., Tan, C. N., Lienemann, B. A., Keeler, A. R., & Ruybal, A. L. (2014). Increasing the provision of assistance to people with depression: Social psychological approaches. Symposium presentation, Western Psychological Association Convention, Portland, OR.

Keeler, A. R., Siegel, J. T., & Alvaro, E. (2012). “Depression, familism, and help seeking perceptions of Hispanics: Meditational elucidation with implications for intervention”. Depression Symposium for Western Psychological Association, San Francisco, CA.

Nydegger, L. A., & Keeler, A. R. (2011).“Reducing misconceptions and increasing implementation intentions to use condoms in high risk adults in drug diversion programs.” Poster presentation for the American Public Health Association annual conference, October 2011,Washington, D.C.

Keeler, A. & Crano, W. “Exploration of Help Seeking from a Biopsychosocial Perspective” (paper presentation). Western Psychological Association (WPA) annual conference, April 2011, Los Angeles, CA.

Keeler, A., Gonzalez, A., Siegel, J., & Alvaro, E. Depression Symposium “The relationship between negative self-bias on help seeking among depressed Hispanic individuals” Western Psychological Association (WPA) annual conference, April 2010, Cancun, Mexico.

 

Chris Lamb, M.A. Chris is most interested in interpersonal dynamics and how our social relationships influence our attitudes and behaviors (e.g. how parent expectancies can influence youth marijuana use); he is also interested in the application of research exploring prominent social issues, health behavior, and education. Chris is currently exploring how people conceptually understand marriage and the malleability of attitudes toward same-sex marriage. He is concluding an international study exploring the attitudes toward adoption of students in Europe and the United States training in the applied sciences.

Lienemann, B.A. & Lamb, C.S. (In Press) Heavy episodic drinking in college females: An exploration of expectancies, consequences, and self-efficacy.

Lamb, C.S. & Crano, W.D. (Submitted) Parental self-fulfilling prophecies and children’s marijuana use.

Lamb, C.S., Lienemann, B.A., & Crano, W.D. (Submitted) Exploring marriage: Categories and differences between same- and different-sex marriage types.

Lienemann, B.A., Lamb, C.S. & Crano, W.D.  (Submitted) The relationship between loneliness and risky sexual behavior among U.S. adults: The mediation effects of anxiety, alcohol intoxication, and sexual compulsivity.

 

Brianna Alyssa Lienemann, M.A. Brianna is a Social Psychology and Health Psychology doctoral student. Her research interests focus on improving stigma, attitudes, intentions, and behavior related to depression, suicide, and substance use. This is achieved through the application of persuasion and psychological theories to the creation and evaluation of public service announcements.

Lamb, C.S., Lienemann, B.A., & Crano, W.D. (under review). Exploring the concept of marriage: Categories and differences between same-sex and other-sex marriage types.

Lienemann, B.A. & Siegel, J.T. (under review). Reactance to depression public service announcements among people with depression.

Lienemann, B.A., & Stopp, H. (in press). The association between media exposure of interracial relationships and attitudes toward interracial relationships. Journal of Applied Social Psychology

Siegel, J.T., Lienemann, B.A., & Tan, C. (2014). Influencing help seeking among people with elevated depressive symptomatology: Mistargeting as a persuasive technique. Clinical Psychological Science. doi: 10.1177/2167702614542846

Siegel, J. T., Tan, C. N., Lienemann, B. A., Keeler, A. R., & Ruybal, A. L. (2014). Increasing the provision of assistance to people with depression: Social psychological approaches. Symposium presentation, Western Psychological Association Convention, Portland, OR.

Lienemann, B.A., & Lamb, C.S. (2012). Heavy episodic drinking among college females: An exploration of expectancies, consequences and self-efficacy. Substance Use & Misuse, Early Online, 1-9. doi: 10.3109/10826084.2012.726311

Lienemann, B.A., Siegel, J.T., & Crano, W.D. (2012). Persuading depressed individuals to seek help: Respect the boomerang. Health Communication. doi: 10.1080/10410236.2012.712091

Siegel, J.T., Alvaro, E.M., Crano, W.D., Lienemann, B., Hohman, Z., & O’Brien, E. (2012). Increasing social support for depressed individuals: A cross-cultural assessment of an affect-expectancy approach. Journal of Health Communication: International Perspectives, 17, 713-732. doi: 10.1080/10810730.2011.635775

 

Elena A. Lyrintzis, M.A. Elena is interested in applying social psychological principles to health behaviors, specifically the nonmedical use of prescription drugs. Her other research interests include motivation, state-based change, and systemic attitudes.

Lyrintzis, E. A., Siegel, J. T., Navarro, M. N., & Handren, L. (2014). Goal Disruption Theory: When Violations lead to Disruption. Jason Siegel (chair), Goal Disruption Theory: Theoretical Advances and Empirical Support. Symposium at 94th Annual Western Psychological Association Convention, Portland, OR, April 22.

Rosenberg, B. D., Lyrintzis, E. A., & Siegel (2014). Purposive Harm Endurance and Prescription Drug Use: An Application of Goal Disruption Theory. Jason Siegel (chair), Goal Disruption Theory: Theoretical Advances and Empirical Support. Symposium at 94th Annual Western Psychological Association Convention, Portland, OR, April 22. 

Lyrintzis, E. A., & Crano, W. D. (2014). Structure and Change of Complex Political Attitudes. 17th Annual Sydney Symposium of Social Psychology, Sydney, Australia, March 18.

Lyrintzis, E. A. & Siegel, J. T. (2012, April). Academic Disruption: An application of Goal Disruption Theory. Paper presented at Western Psychological Association Annual Convention, San Francisco, CA.

Siegel, J. T. & Lyrintzis, E. A. (2012, April). The development and validation of brief measures of psychological disequilibrium. Paper presented at Western Psychological Association Annual Convention, San Francisco, CA.

 

Mario Navarro, M.A. is interested in health behavior and health promotion specifically in the realm of organ donation. His research interests include attitude-behavior consistency and purposive behavior within the total adult population and familiasm and abnegation within Hispanic populations.

Navarro, M. & Siegel, J.T. (in preparation). Manipulating disruption: A test of Disruption Drive Theory.

Siegel, J. T., Rosenberg, B., Navarro, M., Lyrintzis, E., Beleva, Y. (2012). Goal Disruption Theory: A Tolmanian Framework. Western Psychological Association (WPA) annual conference, April 2012, San Francisco, CA.

Tan, C., Navarro, M., & Siegel, J. T. (2012). Potential, felt, and anticipated ambivalence: Attitude-behavior consistency and organ donor registration. Western Psychological Association (WPA) annual conference, April 2012, San Francisco, CA.

 

Benjamin D. Rosenberg, M.A., Adjunct prof at California State University — Dominguez Hills. Ben is in interested in applying social psychological and communication research to address social and health problems. Particularly, Ben’s research focuses on health attitudes, messaging, and persuasion; adolescent obesity; heightened drive state; and the interplay between technology and behavior.

Rosenberg, B.D. & Siegel, J.T. (in preparation). Purposive behavior and social influence: A new way to persuade.

Rosenberg, B. D., Lewandowski, J., & Siegel, J. T. (under review). Mixed mode surveys and the creation of profiles:  Military personnel, goal disruption theory, and a modicum of qualitative data. Journal of Mixed Methods Research.

Lewandowski, J., Rosenberg, B. D., Parks, M. J., & Siegel, J. T. (2011). The effect of informal social support: Face-to-face versus computer-mediated communication. Computers in Human Behavior, 27, 1806-1814.

Lewandowski, J., Rosenberg, B. D., Parks, M. J., & Siegel, J. T. (2011). The effect of informal social support: Face-to-face versus computer-mediated communication. Society for Personality and Social Psychology (SPSP) annual conference, January 2011, San Antonio, TX.

Rosenberg, B. D., Lewandowski, J., & Siegel, J. T. (2011). Desired end-states of military personnel: A mixed-methods analysis. Western Psychological Association (WPA) annual conference, April 2011, Los Angeles, CA.

 

Andrea L. Ruybal, M.A. Andi is a PhD student of Applied Social Psychology and Health Behavior Research. She is interested in conducting applied research related to health psychology, communication, and persuasion, which is heavily theory and data driven. Of particular interest are health interventions and campaigns. Her research interests also include depression in minority populations, postpartum depression, drug abuse, and minority influence.

Ruybal, A. L. & Siegel, J. T. (2014). Increasing the provision of assistance to women with postpartum depression: An application of attribution theory. Manuscript under review.

Ruybal, A. L. (2014). Determining the likelihood of safe injection practices among vulnerable populations in San Diego: An application of the health belief model. Invited Talk, Student Mentorship Program for Hispanic Health Research, Washington D.C.

Siegel, J. T., Tan, C. N., Lienemann, B. A., Keeler, A. R., & Ruybal, A. L. (2014). Increasing the provision of assistance to people with depression: Social psychological approaches. Symposium presentation, Western Psychological Association Convention, Portland, OR.

 

Straszewski, TashaTasha Straszewski: Tasha is a second-year, doctoral student in applied social psychology. She is interested in depression, specifically in developing interventions that may increase help-seeking for individuals with depression. Tasha also has an interest in positive psychology and is currently working on incorporating positive psychology elements in help-seeking interventions.

 

Cara N. Tan, M.A. Cara is interested in exploring the variables that influence the consistency of attitudes and behavior with a special focus on prosocial behavior.  Her current research is focused on understanding the relationship between vested interest and attitude strength.  She is also interested in developing new methods of persuasion based on attitude strength to promote positive health behavior and prosocial behavior.

Siegel, J.T., Lienemann, B.A., & Tan, C. (2014). Influencing help seeking among people with elevated depressive symptomatology: Mistargeting as a persuasive technique. Clinical Psychological Science. doi: 10.1177/2167702614542846

Siegel, J. T., Tan, C. N., Lienemann, B. A., Keeler, A. R., & Ruybal, A. L. (2014). Increasing the provision of assistance to people with depression: Social psychological approaches. Symposium presentation, Western Psychological Association Convention, Portland, OR.

Tan, C. N., Navarro, M. A., Siegel, J. T. (2012) Ambivalence and attitude behavior consistency in organ donation registration. Symposium presentation at the 2012 Western Psychological Association annual conference.

Tan, C. N., & Crano, W. D. (2012). Fear arousal: Avoidance and punishment in anti-marijuana advertisements. Symposium presentation at the 2012 Western Psychological Association annual conference.

Siegel, J. T., Lienemann, B. A. & Tan, C. N. (2012). Reducing self-stigma of help seeking among depressed people: An application of Walster and Festinger’s overheard communication technique.  Symposium presentation at the 2012 Western Psychological Association annual conference.

 

Julia Tang, M.A., M.S.W., is a doctoral developmental psychology student interested in understanding how decision making about health behaviors occur during the transition between adolescence to adulthood. Julia’s past research has also involved examining needs of cancer patients and survivors and the relationship between health related quality of life (HRQOL) and survivorship. She is currently working on studying the trajectories of healthy and health risk behaviors during adolescence and young adulthood using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health).

Ashing-Giwa, K., Lim, J., & Tang, J. (2010). Surviving cervical cancer: Does health related quality of life influence survival? Gyneocologic Oncology, 118, 35-42.

Tang, J. & Siegel, J. (2010). Risk Taking as Response to Mental Constriction. Poster presented at Western Psychological Association Conference in Cancun, Mexico.

Siegel, J.T., Alvaro, E.M., Crano, W.D., Gonzalez, A., Tang, J.C., Jones, S.P. (2010). Passive positive organ donor registration behavior. A mixed method assessment of the IIFF Model. Psychology, Health & Medicine, 15, 198-209.

Zebrack, B., Bleyer, A., Albritton, K., Medearis, S. & Tang, J.C. (2006). Assessing the healthcare needs of adolescent and young adult cancer patients and survivors. Cancer, 107, 2915-2923.

 

Emily Warren, M.A. Emily is a Ph.D. student in Social Psychology. She earned her Masters degree here at DBOS in Organizational Behavior and decided it was time to get back to her roots. She is currently preparing a paper for submission on the relationship between multitasking behavior and stress in organizations. She and her fellow colleagues are also exploring flow personality and whether this might serve as a buffer to a disruptive experience.

 

 

 

Adjunct Members

Tatiana Basáñez, Ph.D., studies intergroup processes and health disparities with a focus on persuasion and Hispanics.  She has investigated acculturation and substance abuse and is now seeking to apply research from embodiment and implicit cognitions to health and academic achievement interventions.

Basáñez, T. Unger, J. B., Soto, D., Crano, W. D., Baezconde-Garbanati, L. (2012). Perceived discrimination as a risk factor for depressive symptoms and substance use among Hispanic adolescents in Los Angeles. Ethncity & Health. doi: 10.1080/13557858.2012.713093

Basáñez, T., Blanco, L., Collazo, J. L., Berger, D. E., Crano, W. D. (2013). Ethnic groups’ perception of physicians’ attentiveness: Implications for health and obesity. Psychology, Health & Medicine18(1), 37-46. 

Basáñez, T., Dennis, J. M., Crano, W. D., Stacy, A., Unger, J. B. (In Press). Measuring acculturation gap conflicts among Hispanics: Implications for psychosocial and academic adjustment. Journal of Family Issues.

Lac, A. , Unger, J. B., Basáñez, T., Ritt-Olson, A., Soto, D., & Baezconde-Garbanati, L., (2011). Marijuana use among Hispanic adolescents: Protective familial factors and gender differences. Substance Use and Misuse, 46(5), 644-655.

Dennis, J. M., Basáñez, T., & Farhamand, A. (2010). Intergenerational conflicts among Latinos in early adulthood: Separating values conflicts with parents from acculturation conflicts. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 32, 118-135.

 

Erin K. O’Brien, Ph.D. Erin is interested in understanding why many large-scale health campaigns do not work, and proposes that this is because their targets are experiencing psychological bleakness, which reduces their likelihood of processing health information. Erin is also interested in studying the relationship between culture and health—how health behaviors are perceived differently based on culture. She is particularly interested in understanding what factors account for Latino health disparities and Latino health advantages.

Mokkarala, S., O’Brien, E.K., Siegel, J.T. (2014). The relationship between shame and perceived biological origins of mental illness among South Asian and White Americans.The Asian American Journal of Psychology. Manuscript submitted for publication.

O’Brien, E.K., & Siegel, J.T. (2014). Psychological bleakness: The negative trifecta and a persuasion challenge. Journal of Health Psychology. Manuscript submitted for publication.

Siegel, J.T., & O’Brien, E.K., Alvaro, E.M. (2014). Barriers to living donation among low-resource LatinosQualitative Health Research. Advanced online publication. doi:10.1177/1049732314546869

Gonzalez, A.V , Siegel, J.T,  Alvaro, E.M., & O’Brien, E.K. (2013). The effect of depression on physician-patient communication among Hispanic end-stage renal disease patients.  Journal of Health Communication, 18, 486-497.

Siegel, J.T., Alvaro, E.A., Crano, W.D., Lienemann, B.A., Hohman, Z., & O’Brien, E.K.(2012). Increasing social support for depressed individuals: A cross-cultural assessment of an affect-expectancy approachJournal of Health Communication17(6), 713-732.

Esterly, R., Neumiller, S., Freeman, D., Manwar, A., Brumbaugh, S., Hardison-Walters, J., O’Brien, E., and Calendine, K. (2011). Effectively treating homeless persons with co-occurring disorders involved in the criminal justice systemCorrections & Mental Health. 

O’Brien, E. K. & Siegel, J. T. (2014). Psychological bleakness and health communication: Differential effects of fear appeals, controlling language, and immediacy of consequences. Paper Presentation, Western Psychological Association Conference, Portland OR.

O’Brien, E. K. (2013). Beyond the froof: An empirical look at humor and teaching. Poster Presentation, Western Psychological Association Conference, Reno, NV.

Siegel, J. T., O’Brien, E. K., Lienemann, B. A., Mokkarala, S., (2012). Assessing a theoretical framework between cultures: Depression and attributions. Paper presented at the American Evaluation Association’s Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, Minnesota.  

 O’Brien, E. K., & Siegel,  J. T. (2012). Development of a Bleakness Scale. Paper Presentation, Western Psychological Association Conference, San Francisco, CA.

O’Brien, E. K., & Rosenberg, B. (2012). A Typology of Health Behavior Change. Poster Presentation, Western Psychological Association Conference, San Francisco, CA.

Siegel, J. T., Alvaro, E., & O’Brien, E. K. (2012) Hispanic Dialysis Patient Perspectives on Living Kidney Donation. Paper Presentation, Western Psychological Association Conference, San Francisco, CA.

O’Brien, E. K. (2011). Beyond the articles: the skills and relationships that make grad school worthwhile. Western Psychological Association Conference, Los Angeles, CA.